Housing and communal services of the Tyumen region permanently influences all spheres of human activity and first of all insures favorable life environment and living standards rising.
Implementation of actions for improvement of housing and communal services of the Tyumen region is closely associated with its strategic priorities:
1. Ensuring the dynamic and steady economic development of the region (specifically, development of engineering infrastructure).
2. Rise in population’s living standards and quality (rise in availability and quality of public services).
3. Pursuing the efficient and resultant personnel policy by the executive bodies.
Reforming of housing and communal services of the Tyumen region went through several important stages during which were solved the problems of enhancement of apartment houses’ management system, financial improvement of housing-and-municipal agencies, modernization of communal facilities, development of the competitive market relations and attraction of private companies to management of facilities of communal infrastructure and housing stock.
Today the housing of the Tyumen region includes 201 thousand apartment houses of 39,6 million square meters area, two thirds of them are in urban zone, and one third – in countryside. 79% of housing have the water supply system (including 65% – hot water supply), 75% have sewage, 81% are connected to the centralized heating system.
The municipal infrastructure includes the systems of heat, water, gas and power supply as well as of water disposal.
In the territory of the Tyumen region (autonomous districts not included) there are three thermal power plants of 2092 MW total rated capacity, 250 substations and about 9 thousand km of power networks of 110-500 kV, almost 8 thousand km of power networks of 10-0,4 kV.
In the Tyumen region the power is mainly consumed by the Tyumen and Tobolsk power areas (46% and 36% of total regional rate respectively).
The greatest influence on power consumption level in the Tyumen region is exerted by industrial production what is caused by its considerable share in power consumption structure (33%).
Besides, the population, transport and communication facilities as well as of other types of activity (22%, 19% and 13% respectively) also use an important volume of energy.
The power networks are basically developed within the investing programmes of network agencies.
Heat supply in the Tyumen region is performed by Tyumen CHP-1, Tyumen CHP-2 and Tobolsk CHP (total thermal capacity of these plants is 5,264 Gcal/h), producing 80% of total consumed thermal energy, and 1,249 boiler stations (with 1,051 thereof having capacity under 3 Gcal/h).
Total thermal capacity of all boiler stations is 2,431.6 Gcal/h.
The average efficiency of boiler stations of the Tyumen region is about 80-83% (92-95% in Western Europe). The heat production efficiency of 55 boiler stations of Tyumen remains virtually unchanged with the average efficiency of 87-88% and a tendency to a slow decrease. Average boiler station efficiency is under 80% in many municipal entities: Vagayskoe (65%), Yarkovskoe (71%), Tobolskoe (72%), Vikulovskoe (73%), Isetskoe (74%), Golyshmanovskoe (75%), Kazanskoe (76%), Sorokinskoe (76%) and Uvatskoe (78%). Efficiency of gas boiler stations in some cases (e.g., when using improvised boilers, obsolete boilers or ineffective boiler brands) can't exceed 80%.
Centralized water supply systems are installed in 492 of 1,236 settlements of the Tyumen region, namely in all cities and 487 rural settlements, being 40% of the total number of settlements of the Tyumen region.
The centralized water supply services cover all urban and most rural population of the region. The rest villagers draw water from private and public wells.
Decentralized water supply in 744 rural settlements (60% of total number) is represented by boreholes and mine wells.
The total length of water pipelines is 3,859.6 km, of them 819.9 km are dilapidated, being 21%.
Development of heat supply, water supply and drainage is performed not only at the expense of the budget, but also at the expense of extra-budgetary sources such as investment programs of utility providers and private investor funds provided under the relevant concession agreements.
Natural pipeline gas comes to the consumers of the south of the Tyumen region from the NDTD (northern districts of the Tyumen region) trunk pipelines: Omsk, Urengoy-Chelyabinsk I and Urengoy-Chelyabinsk II.
The development of the gas distribution network of the region is implemented not only within the framework of budgetary capital investment in this industry, but also within the framework of cooperation between the Government of the Tyumen region and organizations of the Gazprom group.
Analysis of the current state of the housing and utilities sector demonstrates that the utilities sector has significant reserves for raising the effectiveness and investment attractiveness.
The basis for reforms in the housing and utilities sector is the reorganization of the system of the industry management on the principles of reducing the degree of participation of local authorities in the utility infrastructure management with active attraction of private investors and citizens to manage their property in the housing and utilities sector.