The Tyumen region is one of the largest in Russia, its area makes 8,4% of country’s territory. The region is founded on August 14, 1944.
The Tyumen region is located in the center of Eurasia, having stretched from borders of the Republic of Kazakhstan to coast of the Arctic Ocean. It comprises two constituent territories of the Russian Federation – the Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous districts. The southern part (districts not included) is the Tyumen region proper.
The region borders in the northwest upon the Arkhangelsk region (Nenets autonomous district), in the west – on Komi Republic, in the southwest – on the Sverdlovsk and Kurgan regions, in the south – on the North-Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan, in the southeast – on the Omsk and Tomsk regions, in the east and the northeast – on the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The Tyumen region is the only area of Russia stretching (if autonomous districts are included) from the Arctic Ocean in the north to national border in the south.
The Tyumen region is of extreme natural and climatic conditions on most part of its territory – the Yamalo-Nenets autonomous district, Beloyarsky and Beryozovo areas of Khanty-Mansi autonomous district are the Far North regions, and other areas and urban districts of Khanty-Mansi autonomous district and Uvat district have the same status. The climate of the region is arctic, subarctic in the north and moderate in the center and in the south. The average temperature fluctuates in January from −17ºC near Tyumen to −27ºC in the north. The average temperature in July makes + 19ºC.
The name "Gate of Siberia" was forever assigned to the oldest Russian city of Transurals – Tyumen and the Tyumen region. From here development of new Russian lands began, the legendary Yermak's troops took the field from here.
In Siberian lands many unique shrines have remained. Temples of Tyumen, Tobolsk, Ishim and Yalutorovsk are the uncommonly beautiful architectural ensembles. The Znamensky Abalak monastery located on the high bank of Irtysh river is one of the ancient and most revered cloisters of Siberia. And the Trinity monastery founded in 1616 by the elder Niphont was always the beautification of the historic center of Tyumen city.
In Tyumen the guests of city can see about two tens open churches including that of All Saints which is unique for being the only round temple in Siberia.
Wooden architecture and singular and untouched by time villages are the themes interesting for tourists coming to the Tyumen region. The architecture of Tyumen holds a specific place in various Russian wooden architecture, being distinguished with surprising density of house volume carving with relative simplicity of building itself. This uniqueness increases the value of wooden architecture of Tyumen.
The specific character of the Tyumen buildings’ decor is to a considerable degree determined by plated volume carving and extremely ornate motives close to baroque. The monuments of this architectural and decorative art - the examples of great skills of the Tyumen carvers – are unique and of considerable artistic merit. The ornamental plant design of boards under windows is, as a rule, applied in two-storeyed houses. The impressiveness of platbands of one-storey houses is increased by large heavy sun blinds, usually paneled.
The indispensable accessory of any Tyumen estate are the high blind fence and gates. The appearance of gate was always the subject of special attention of owners which were adorned either with plated decor ("sun" mostly) or with lacy carving upper parts.
Fans of antiquity should without fail visit the well-known Ingala valley – an archaeological monument in 75 km to south from the regional center. Presently more than 600 historical monuments are discovered in its territory: villages, ancient settlements, barrow groups of various eras – from late Stone Age to Middle Ages. According to the content of local findings one can safely affirm that tribes that lived here more than 2000 years ago had trade relations with Ancient Egypt, Central Asia and participated in military campaigns against Ancient Rome, Transcaucasia and Greek colonies around the Black Sea. Nizhnyaya Tavda, Isker, Vagai are the localities relating to history of Yermak’s campaign against the Siberian khanate.
The special place in regional history is taken by the city of Tobolsk – a pearl in necklace of old Siberian cities. It is the city of ancient temples and the richest history which is called the spiritual capital of Siberia.
The most significant architectural complex of Tobolsk is the only stone kremlin in Siberia – beauty and pride of the former provincial capital. By the walls of this white stone fortress Tobolsk town and generally speaking all Russian Siberia began. In the territory of kremlin the Tobolsk historical and architectural culture preserve including 33 buildings of federal significance is located. Through Tobolsk passed the trade ways from the European part of Russia to China and Central Asia – the Great silk and the Big tea ways.
The fates of remarkable persons of Russia are linked with history of Tobolsk: architect and chronicler Remezov, famous chemist Mendeleyev, composer Alyabyev, author of fairy tales Yershov, painter Perov and many others. Here the family of the last emperor Nikolay II was in exile.
The tourists will be of course very interested in the small village Pokrovskoye – Grigory Rasputin's birthplace, one of the most mysterious persons of Russian history. In Pokrovskoye there is Rasputin museum where his personal belongings and authentic photos are displayed.
The city of Yalutorovsk is of not less interest. Since 2008 the tourists coming to the city have an opportunity to make an excursion tour to the unique wooden stockaded town where the atmosphere of 17-18th centuries is reconstructed - it has watchtowers, craft workshops and recreational zones.
In addition to rich historical and cultural heritage, the Tyumen region has great opportunities for active rest and for persons interested to receive the sanatorium services. The subsurface of the region contains mineral waters of various curative properties and quality. The Tyumen mineral water is used when treating the chronic gastritis, liver and metabolism diseases and diabetes mellitus. The thermal springs bathing in which is recommended for treatment of cardiovascular and nervous system diseases are well known far outside the region. The regional lakes contain the considerable resources of various therapeutic muds. Practically in all districts of the region there are lakes with deposits of sapropel which renders high therapeutic effect when treating the musculoskeletal system diseases, reduces blood pressure, stimulates metabolism, has the resolving and anti-inflammatory effect, stimulates the recovery processes.
In the Tyumen region more than 35 sanatoria, preventive clinics, rest houses and recreation facilities are open that apply the natural curative resources of the region for treatment and prevention of various diseases. The sanatoria are equipped with the most modern diagnostic equipment and carry out all types of electrotherapy, water treatment, thermotherapy and fangotherapy using the latest techniques. The Uvat district will be of particular interest for active rest fans. The resplendence of the Uvat rivers, lakes, protected places of the real Siberian taiga is known far outside the region and attracts numerous fans of outdoor recreation, trophy fishing and hunting. Here the hunting cordons are situated. For amateurs of extreme sports the training and parachute jumps, carting races, river rafting are organized.