The Tyumen region is an advanced region, the "heart of Russia", connecting the east and west, the north and south of the vast Eurasian space of our country.
Tyumen region is also one of the largest regions of Russia. It has its own unique character because of the richness and diversity of nations and religious composition. Onsite this region live more than 150 nationalities and ethnic groups, the developed system of national education was created, schools with the study of the native language, ethno-cultural centers work in this region, regional national festivals, days of national cultures of the Tyumen region, and national holidays are held.
Tyumen region is the region of sustained economic growth and social protection, active housing construction and increased income of the population. According to the sociologists’ poll, it is Tyumen people who feel the happiest all over Russia. The Tyumen region is rightly the "land of happy people".
All these impressive achievements have come true thanks to the strength of the spirit, the labor force, the heroic history and the high culture of the Tyumentians, which has a long and glorious tradition. Unique archeology monuments, town planning, architecture, art and technology testify to the cultural flowering of different epochs and civilizations on the Tyumen land. Today in the Tyumen region there are more than 1,800 objects of historical and cultural heritage, which are represented as monuments of architecture, history, monumental art, and archaeological antiquities. Of these, 80 monuments are of federal significance.
From ancient times, Tyumen, the oldest Russian city of the Trans-Urals, now the capital of the Tyumen region, has had its specific name - "Gateway of Siberia". From this region famous path breakers began to explore the terrain, from here Russian and foreign tourists begin to get acquainted with Siberia nowadays.
In spite of the active modern development, Tyumen conserved its original appearance: monuments of architectural and town-planning art, decorative furniture of houses made in the technique of the famous wood carving, which was included into the heritage of the world artistic culture.
The palette of cultural life in the regional capital is bright and diverse. The Tyumen Philharmonic Society is one of the leading cultural institutions in the region.
Tyumen Philharmonic Society is one of the leading cultural institutions of the region, renowned for its large-scale and interesting projects. Band composition of the Philharmonic Society is diverse and each of the bands brings its unique musical emphasis to the cultural product of the region. The Academic choir, the Kamerata Siberia orchestra, the state dance ensemble Zori Tyumeni and the Symphonic orchestra always take part in Russian and foreign festivals. You can enjoy plays by Russian and global playwrights on the stages of Tyumen and Tobolsk Dramatic Theatres, Puppet Theatre and Youth Theatre Angagement named after V. S. Zagoruiko. Tyumen Dramatic Theatre with its three stages is considered to be the largest Russian theatre. With its classical forms, columns and moldings it resembles the Moscow Bolshoi Theatre. People even call it “Our Bolshoi”.
The Neftyanik Cultural center named after V. I. Muravlenko is a multifunctional complex intended for implementation of the most elaborate plays, concerts, demonstrations, dance and entertainment events and shows. By its technical equipment, the Neftyanik Cultural center is unique and it is on a par with the best Russian halls. After the reconstruction, the useful area of the building increased up to 14,521 sq.m. The renovated Cultural center employs convertible stalls and stage as well as the orchestra pit. The big concert hall can hold 922 audience members and can be quickly transformed into a conference room, podium, dance hall or disco hall without any damage to the interior environment.
The largest cultural and informational center of the region is the Tyumen regional scientific library named after Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev, with its all-embracing funds of about 2.63 million documents of various types in 22 languages of the peoples of the world. These are rare books, local history, periodicals, reference and encyclopedic, reference documentation, scientific and artistic literature. In addition to its traditional classic functions, the library extends the scope of its activities, introducing modern technology and methods of work. The library staff implements cultural, educational events and socially significant projects to help form the informational culture of the society, sustainable interest in reading, national history and culture and love to the country and land.
The main event of the museum space of the Tyumen region was the opening of a multimedia historical park Russia: My History in the Tyumen City (2017). This project is interesting thanks to its modern tools of presentation of the information about the history of Russia. Various techniques of visual infographics, animation, 3D-modelling and digital reconstructions are present here.
Another significant event was the opening of a new Museum complex named after I. Ya. Slovtsov, on November 9, 2017, with the avant-garde project Work Never Ends, implemented in the framework of the 4th Ural Industrial Biennale of Contemporary Art. The Museum complex building employs modern spaces for mass events and introduction of people to the culture. The museum area is 29 thousand sq.m., of them 9 thousand sq.m. are dedicated to the museum depository.
Such annual national events as Night of Museums, Night of Theatres, Night of Music and Biblio-night are quite popular among the population and visitors of the Tyumen region. The Night of Arts event is an amalgam of various arts within the same platform: it comprises theatres, museums and libraries.
The city of Tobolsk - a "pearl" in the necklace of ancient Siberian cities, occupies a special place in the Tyumen culture. It is a city of ancient temples and the richest history, a real open-air museum. In the city and its environs there are 260 objects of historical and cultural heritage.
The most significant architectural complex is the only stone Kremlin in Siberia - the beauty and pride of the former provincial capital. The spirit of the past is hovering over this majestic structure with towers and cathedrals, the beginning of construction of which is the end of the 17th century. At the walls of this fortress began Tobolsk, and by and large, and all of Russia's Siberia. The Tobolsk historical and cultural complex is really unique. It includes 33 objects of federal significance on 18 hectares of the area. The white-stone Tobolsk Kremlin today has regained its ensemble sound in its pristine beauty.
Ancient Tobolsk, which has long been called the "spiritual capital" of Siberia, gave the country and the world some outstanding scientists, poets, musicians: the Russian encyclopedist of Siberia, the architect, the cartographer and chronicler Semyon Ulyanovich Remezov, the poet, prose writer and playwright, the author of the wonderful "Humpbacked Horse" Peter Pavlovitch Ershov, the greatest chemist, the creator of the periodic system of elements, Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleyev, the inventor of television physicist Boris Pavlovich Grabovsky, the outstanding painter Vasily Grigorievich Perov, the "Russian nightingale" composer Alexander Alexandrovich Alyabyev.
Today Tobolsk has acquired its "second wind", becoming the largest center of tourist pilgrimage. On the way to Tobolsk on the ancient Siberian tract is the village of Pokrovskoe. Here one of the most mysterious characters of Russian history was born - Grigory Rasputin, to whom is dedicated the private museum, located here. In this museum his personal belongings and original photographs are kept. On the high bank of the Irtysh river, next to the Abalaksky Svyato-Znamensky monastery with the miraculous icon of the Abalakian Mother of God, the guests are greeted by a wooden fortress - the reconstruction of the Siberian pit of the times of the conquest of Siberia by ataman Yermak Timofeevich and his brave Cossacks. The international festival of historical reconstruction "Abalak field" is annually held in the tourist complex "Abalak".
The history of the city of Tobolsk is connected with the fate of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II. Here, the Royal family in exile has spent the last happy summer in 1917.
The Museum exhibition Memorial museum of the Imperial family of Nicholas II is planned to be opened in the House of the Governor General in Tobolsk in April 2018. The Museum of the Romanov Royal family will become not only an object of pilgrimage, but also a part of the Imperial Route tourist project. The project tells the story of the Romanov dynasty, including the route of the Emperor Nicholas II and his family through cities: Moscow - Saint Petersburg – Tobolsk – Tyumen – Ekaterinburg. It is planned that the first Imperial route visitors in 2018 will be the school students: the project envisages the involvement of students of educational institutions from different regions of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign tourists.
lso famous is the city of Yalutorovsk, the birthplace of the Russian industrialist and philanthropist Savva Mamontov: the atmosphere of the 17th and 18th centuries is recreated on the territory of the unique wooden prison; the Museum of the Memory of the Decembrists preserves the memorial houses of Yakushkin and Muravyov-Apostol for descendants.
For a long time the Tyumen land was famous for its craftsmen. Today in different handicraft shops, you can get acquainted with the traditions of folk handicrafts, take part in manufacturing of talisman doll, beadwork, do wood painting, clay modeling.
The Tyumen region is rightly proud of two unique enterprises of original national art crafts: the Siberian carpet factory and the Tobolsk factory of art bone-carving products.
Speaking about the development of culture in the region, it is necessary to mention a lot of events held regularly in cities of the region. The most striking and significant events of the region include: the unique classical music festival Summer in the Tobolsk Kremlin with participation of the best opera singers in the world, including the legendary Dmitri Hvorostovsky; the International street theatre festival Dreams of the Streets; Denis Matsuev's Music festival and others.